The Address & Posture Position | The Posture Position.

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I have divided the 'Address & Posture Position' into five instructional 'Lesson Headings' for ease of explanation.

These are;

1. Club Alignment.
2. The Grip Position.
3. Creating a Stance Position.
4. Ball Position.
5. Posture.



The width of your 'Stance' and 'Distance' you stand from the ball will vary when using different clubs in your set, ranging from a wider position when using a 'Driver' to a narrower position when using a shorter club such as a 'Pitching Wedge'. Within this Address & Posture Instruction I'm working with a 7 iron throughout.


Ok lets get started:

5. The Posture.

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The the fifth and final position in my 'Address & Posture Routine' is the 'Posture Positioning' that needs to create a foundation of 'Angles & Lines' for your 'Body Movements' and 'Hand & Arm Swing' (Golf Swing) to rotate around before you commit yourself to playing your shot.

Your 'Posture Positioning' is a static controllable position that needs to feel comfortable, balanced and relaxed when Addressing the ball to enable a smooth rhythmical start to your 'Hand & Arm Swing'.




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As I have just mentioned your 'Posture Positioning' creates a foundation of 'Angles and Lines' for your 'Core Body Movements' (Stomach, Chest & Shoulders) to rotate around that then creates space around your body for your 'Hand & Arm Swing' (Golf Swing) to move freely into so great care and attention needs to be paid to the creation of your positioning.

To start your 'Posture Positioning' I would like you to turn your attention back to your 'Target Line' for a moment.


A Related Lesson


Together with your 'Target Line' there are 'SIX' further lines in your Posture Positioning that I would like to draw your attention too. Four of these lines run across your body and these are:

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  1. The Line across your 'Toes'.
  2. The Line across your 'Knees'.
  3. The Line across your 'Hips'.
  4. The Line across your 'Shoulders'.

These lines are known as your 'Body Alignment Lines' and all four must run parallel to your 'Target Line' when you have completed your 'Address & Posture Positioning'.




  • 'A Simple Practice Drill'.

When practicing on a Practice Ground or at a Driving Range I would like to recommend an easy and affective 'Practice Drill' that will help you to double check all four of your 'Body Alignment Lines'.

Simply place 'Two Golf Clubs' on the ground so one Club is positioned aiming squarely along your 'Target Line' and the second positioned so it is laying approximately 3 ft away from the first club and laying in a parallel positon to your 'Target Line'. These clubs will now visually identify your 'Target Line' and your 'Body Alignment Lines' running across your Feet, Knees, Hips & Shoulders.

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Place your Ball between the two clubs and then create your 'Address & Posture Position'. When you have completed your 'Positioning' you can check your 'Body Alignment Lines' with the clubs on the ground and make any necessary alterations before playing a shot.

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                         The Vertical Body Line.

I would now like to draw your attention to the 'Fifth Line' in your Address & Posture Position which is known as your 'Body Line' or your 'Balance Point'.

If we take a view looking down your Target Line this line runs vertically upwards from the first lace hole of your right shoe, through your right knee and up to a point that is just behind your right shoulder blade and in to your 'Spine Angle'.





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                         The Spine Angle.

The 'Sixth and Final Line' that I would like to draw your attention too is your 'Spine Angle'.

This angle forms the foundation of your 'Golf Swing' as it should perform like an 'AXLE' in a wheel that gives your 'Body Movements' and 'Hand & Arm Swing' a central point to rotate round throughout your Golf Swing.






Failure to correctly set your 'Spine Angle' in your 'Posture Position' will result in your 'Core Body Movements' (Stomach, Chest & Shoulders) becoming restricted. As a result your 'Core Body Movements' will not rotate freely round your 'Spine Angle / AXLE' resulting in a lack of space being create for your 'Hand & Arm Swing' to move freely into. This will cause unwanted tension being applied to your 'Hand and Arm Swing' resulting in it breaking down! 

To explain this in a little more detail I would like to compare a simple 'Golf Swing' to a spoked wheel on a young child's bicycle. If I was to pick the wheel up and place my knee against the 'Axle' in the middle of the wheel then hold the outer edge of the wheel and pull it towards my body the wheel will become buckled due to the outer edge no longer being in line with the 'Axle'. If I now try to spin the wheel round it's 'Axle' the outer edge of the wheel will move on an un-natural and wavering path resulting in the wheel failing to turn efficiently.


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If you set your 'Spine Angle' correctly in your 'Address & Posture Position' then it will basically work in the same way as an 'Axle' in a wheel thus allowing your 'Core Body Movements' (Stomach, Chest & Shoulders) to rotate round a central point that will create space around your body for your 'Hand & Arm Swing' to move into with your Left Hand, Left Arm and Golf Shaft becoming an imaginary spoke in your wheel when your return the Clubhead back to the ball at impact.





If your 'Core Body Movements' do not rotate efficiently round your 'Spine Angle' then space around your body will not be created for your 'Hand & Arm Swing' to move freely into that will result in your 'Hand & Arm Swing' breaking down!

Double Check Your Position!

Before you commit yourself to making your 'Golf Swing' and while you are in your 'Address & Posture Position' take a second to settle over your golf ball and 'Double Check' the five main positions you have now worked through;

  1. Club Alignment.
  2. The Grip Position.
  3. Taking a Stance Position.
  4. Ball Position.
  5. The Posture

This will help you stay calm and set your 'Address & Posture Position' in a relaxed and balanced state before starting your 'Golf Swing'. If you have followed my '5 Step Routine' you will now have completed your 'Address & Posture Position'.

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You always have complete control over the positions in your 'Address & Posture Position' because they are all static controllable positions.

Your 'Golf Swing' can only and will only work consistently well if you have created a foundation of 'Angles & Lines' for your 'Body Movements' and 'Hand & Arm Swing' to rotate round.




'NEVER' start your 'Golf Swing' if you have any doubt in your mind about your choice of shot or if you feel unsettled by distractions or if you feel uncomfortable over the ball or if you simply feel a mistake has been made with your 'Address & Posture Routine' you need to STEP AWAY FROM YOUR GOLF BALL and put your club back into your bag and start your 'Address & Posture Routine' again!

  • It takes a lot less time to play one shot well with care than playing several shots badly without!

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    Now you have relaxed and settled over the ball clear your mind and turn your attention to making your Golf Swing by focussing on a simple 'Swing Thought' to start and control your Golf Swing.

    I have divided the Golf Swing into two instructional headings for ease of learning and these are;

    • Body Movements in the Golf Swing.
    • The Hand & Arm Swing.

    After completing your Address & Posture Position you will have created a foundation of Angles and Lines for your Core Body Movements (Stomach, Chest & Shoulders) to rotate round that will then create space around your Body for your Hand & Arm Swing to move freely into so basically the process of learning should be;

    1. Create your Address & Posture Position.
    2. Work on co-ordinated and balanced Core Body Movements.
    3. Work on your Hand & Arm Swing!

    If you would like to progress into your Golf Swing please use this Lesson Link to understand how a simple and effective swing works.


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    Golf instruction by Ian Bailey, PGA Professional.